NT Scan (Nuchal Scan)

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. An ultrasound scan could save many mothers the decision over whether to have an amniocentesis and risk losing a baby. Nearly two-thirds of week-old fetuses with Down’s syndrome lack a nasal bone, fetal-medicine specialist Kypros Nicolaides, of King’s College, London, and his colleagues found 1.

Scans in the first trimester

The nuchal translucency NT refers to the pocket of fluid at the back of the fetal neck. The measurement of the nuchal translucency is part of the combined screening test for trisomy 21 and trisomy 18, called enhanced First Trimester Screen eFTS. An increased NT measurement increases the chance for other chromosome differences, additional genetic conditions, and can also be helpful to predict structural differences that might be more obvious later in pregnancy such as a heart defect.

At the time of the NT ultrasound, the sonographer or physician who does the scan can also accurately predict your due date, determine how many babies you are carrying and examine the early basic structural development of the fetus. Examples of circumstances when this may be applicable are: declining to have prenatal screening for trisomy 21 and trisomy 18, Non-invasive Prenatal Testing NIPT has already been initiated, or the pregnant individual is carrying more than two babies triplets, quadruplets etc.

Your health care provider will schedule your NT ultrasound at a hospital or a clinic with a certified NT sonographer or physician.

(dating scan/nuchal translucency) and 20 weeks (detailed scan) of pregnancy are then used to calculate a risk of having a baby born with Down’s Syndrome​.

This first routine scan is carried out for the following reasons:. It is not diagnostic. We also like to arrange this for around 12 weeks, but it can be performed between 10 and 14 weeks. Occasionally during the scan, a miscarriage might be diagnosed even though you might still ‘feel pregnant’. This first routine scan is carried out for the following reasons: to confirm when the baby is due: the early scan helps us to work out the date when your baby is due.

We might suggest a different date from that indicated by your last period. This is because not all pregnancies are conceived exactly 14 days after the first day of the last period. If your pregnancy is the result of assisted conception, we would normally calculate the delivery date from the date of your treatment. It is important to know your final due date for your care later in pregnancy. It is also important to help us to plan your care appropriately. On this site:.

Resources on other sites:. Continuing pregnancy with a diagnosis of Down’s syndrome. On other websites:.

Nuchal scanning

During your pregnancy you’ll be offered a range of tests, including blood tests and ultrasound scans. These tests are designed to help make your pregnancy safer, check and assess the development and wellbeing of you and your baby, and screen for particular conditions. You don’t have to have any of the tests. However, it’s important to understand the purpose of all tests so that you can make an informed decision about whether to have them.

Discuss this with your maternity team or click on this link for more information.

We recommend having your 12 – 14 week scan at the same time, there are many benefits to this scan including: Accurate dating of your pregnancy; Diagnosis of.

As part of your antenatal care you will be offered several routine blood tests including a full blood count, blood group, Rhesus RhD factor, antibody screening for Hepatitis B and C, Rubella immunity, HIV and Syphilis. You may also be asked to provide a urine sample to be screened for infection. Your GP will discuss with you the different ultrasounds performed during pregnancy.

There are three main types of ultrasound offered to pregnant women;. Dating scans are used to confirm how many weeks pregnant you are and your estimated due date, particularly for women who are unsure of the date of their last menstrual cycle or if they have irregular menstrual periods. It is usually performed between weeks of pregnancy but can be performed anytime from 6 weeks onward. Baby Centre Australia — Dating scans. This type of scan is used to detect the risk of a number of chromosomal abnormalities and is performed between the 11 th and 14 th week of pregnancy.

This scan is not a diagnostic test but will identify the risk of abnormalities such as trisomy 21 Downs Syndrome , trisomy 18 Edwards Syndrome and trisomy 13 Patau Syndrome in the growing baby. The anomaly scan is offered in the second trimester, usually between weeks of pregnancy. Blood tests As part of your antenatal care you will be offered several routine blood tests including a full blood count, blood group, Rhesus RhD factor, antibody screening for Hepatitis B and C, Rubella immunity, HIV and Syphilis.

Scans and ultrasounds Your GP will discuss with you the different ultrasounds performed during pregnancy.

The hardest thing I have ever done

Log in Sign up. Home Pregnancy Health Antenatal scans. In this article When will I have my dating scan?

You have been given this information sheet because the Nuchal. Translucency (​NT) of your Nuchal translucency (NT) is the appearance on a scan, of a collection of fluid under the skin Date of publication: June Date of review: June.

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Screening Tests

Screening tests can be done to work out the chance that your baby has Down syndrome. They cannot tell for sure whether your baby has Down syndrome – they can tell if the risk of your baby having Down syndrome is higher than usual. The tests are not compulsory. It is your choice whether or not to have the screening.

All women will be offered a dating scan, and an 20 week fetal anomaly This scan is part of the screening test for Down’s syndrome known as the combined.

Screening tests are used to find people at higher chance of a health problem. This means they can get earlier, potentially more effective treatment, or make informed decisions about their health. It can be helpful to imagine screening like putting people through a sieve. Most people pass straight through but a small number get caught in the sieve. The people caught in the sieve are those considered to have a higher chance of having the health problem being screened for.

A screening test can find out if you, or your baby, have a high or low chance of having a health problem. But it cannot usually tell you for certain, so people found to have a high chance of a problem will often be offered a second test. It is important to understand the purpose of all screening so that you can make an informed decision about whether to have them. Please click on the graphic above to access the booklet.

Booklet also available in the following languages —. It is useful to know your blood group in case you need to be given blood, for example if you have heavy bleeding haemorrhage during pregnancy or birth. The test tells you whether you are blood group rhesus negative or rhesus positive. Women who are rhesus negative may need extra care to reduce the risk of rhesus disease.

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An ultrasound scan that helps the NHS confirm how many weeks pregnant you are, checks how your baby is developing – and gives you an amazing black and white photo to take home By Rachel Mostyn. They will also check that anatomically everything is where should be. Then you get your amazing pictures and you can tell the world! Not necessarily.

A nuchal translucency scan (NT scan) is an ultrasound screening test for assessing So the NT scan will usually happen alongside your routine dating scan.

Book now. Every woman who is pregnant will be told about the nuchal scan as a way of detecting downs syndrome. In expert hands this nuchal screen alone can be very effective. With greater expertise, more anatomical checks can be made to give greater accuracy and rule out other anatomical conditions that may affect the pregnancy. The risk result will be individually calculated, based on maternal age, how pregnant you are, the nuchal translucency measurement and up to 4 additional ultrasound chromosomal markers.

If your NHS scan fails to obtain the Nuchal measurement, then we advise you to call us immediately for an instant appointment. It is important to be seen, where possible before 14 weeks pregnant. We ask that you drink a pint of water one hour before the scan so that your bladder is full. This helps us to see the baby more clearly. We will show you everything we see as we go along, nothing is kept hidden from you and we will give you a picture for you to share with loved ones.

Down’s Syndrome Test, Amniocentesis test, Ultra Sound Scan in Pregnancy